How do you provide ground station services to satellites?

An important part of the space economy is ground station services. The reason satellites go to space, after all, is often to collect data that are then analyzed back on Earth to create value. To learn more about the ground station business, we spoke to Giovanni Pandolfi of Leaf Space. Leaf Space provides ground station solutions to support owners and operators of smaller satellites and smallsat constellations.

What differentiates Leaf Space from other ground station services providers?

We have several key differentiation points. One is that we have a wide portfolio of Ground Station as a Service (GSaaS) solutions (Leaf Line, Leaf Key, and Leaf Track) able to cover different needs and development stages of satellite and launch vehicle operators. A second differentiation point is that our services are based on a globally distributed ground station network completely owned and operated by Leaf Space. This enables us to guarantee high capacity and coverage and high-quality service level agreements at the same time.

A third differentiation point is that all our services are fully managed, which means we cover everything regarding the ground station operations, maintenance, orchestration, and data transfer. A fourth point is that we have made our services and processes to be flexible and scalable; we provide wide support of baseband protocols, and activating new ground stations for new missions is seamless. A final point of differentiation is that our network orchestration is based on an internally developed scheduling algorithm that maximizes capacity and efficiency of the network while satisfying customer mission constraints. This is a totally different way of managing a network compared to the traditional first-in, first-served booking that all other providers use, which poses severe limitations with higher numbers of supported satellites.

All these major points enable us to provide more cost-efficient services to our customers.

Why did you personally become interested in working in ground station services?

Well, it all started with Leaf Space, of course. When we founded the company, our focus was totally different – developing a launch vehicle for smallsats. But then we saw that there was a total lack of solutions for the smallsat ground segment, and we pivoted in that direction. I would say that I got more interested in ground station services when I realized that launching satellites efficiently and cost-effectively is useless if there is a bottleneck (both technological and economical) on the ground segment and then on data delivery, distribution, and application. Such ground station issues block the development of a sustainable space ecosystem.

What are you most excited about when looking ahead at the future of ground station services?

I’m really looking forward to seeing the commercialization of the ground segment and the proliferation of GSaaS solutions to higher orbits and more demanding missions, like cis-lunar and deep space. I believe there are a lot of margins for improvement. Improving ground station services is definitely a step we need to take in order to build the space ecosystem.